Photo: Savvas Zotos

Worm snake

Typhlops vermicularis

Class: Reptilia

Order: Squamata

Family: Typhlopidae



Very small species with size not exceeding 30-35cm. It belongs to the family Typhlopidae and can be considered as almost blind. It has two very small eyes (like dark dots), with which it is able to detect only fluctuations of light. Its pink or beige color, in combination with its shape, makes it resemble an earthworm but it can be easily identified as a snake because of its scales, its movements and its two small eyes.

Basic biology:


It lives in underground burrows that it manufactures by itself, both in arable lands and wastelands. Usually detected during the spring, beneath stones. It feeds on ants and termites along with their eggs. Little is known about its reproduction. It leys 4-8 eggs in each clutch.

Distribution at Cyprus:

From the coast until 600m altitude.

Global distribution:

Balkans, Caucasus, Turkey, Middle East, East Asia.


Aglyphous - Non venomous



Protection status:



Map of confirmed presence:

Download the distribution of the species (kml format, Google Earth)